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Personality Disorders — A Concern

Everyone can be affected by personality disorders which they may feel is not a concerning matter. Although everyone is entitled to have his or her belief, the medical fraternity has confirmed that personality disorders are indeed a concern. These disorders can interfere with the life of the patient, create problems at school and work, and cause issues in personal and social relationships.

“We do not have to be mental health professionals to identify the traits of the possible sociopaths among us.” ― P.A. Speers

Personality disorders have been classified into two categories:

  • — Antisocial personality disorder.
  • — Borderline personality disorder.

Let us look at the two categories of personality disorders.

 Antisocial Personality Disorder

This is a mental health condition where the patient has a tendency to manipulate, exploit, or violate people’s rights. Criminal tendencies are often seen among people with antisocial personality disorder.

The exact causes for this condition are unknown, but genetic and environmental factors such as child abuse may contribute to the development of this condition. People with this condition also have parents who are antisocial or alcoholic. Men are affected more than women, particularly those who have been incarcerated.

People with antisocial personality disorder can indulge in fire setting and cruelty to animals from their childhood. Some doctors have the belief that psychopathic personality is a personality disorder while others believe that psychopathic personality is a severe condition, not just a personality disorder.

 Borderline Personality Disorder

Borderline personality disorder is also a mental health condition that causes the individual to have long-term patterns of unstable emotions. These experiences often lead to impulsive actions and chaotic relationships with other people. The precise reasons for borderline personality disorder are also unknown, but the medical fraternity believes that genetic, social, and family factors play a role in this condition.

People with borderline personality disorder are in most cases uncertain about their identity. Therefore, their interests and values can change without warning. The tendency to view things in terms of extremes also exists in these people. They could also change their view about the others quite fast, leading to unstable relationships.

 Symptoms of Personality Disorders

The symptoms of personality disorders include the following:

  • — The fear of being abandoned or isolated.
  • — Feelings of emptiness and boredom.
  • — Frequent displays of intense anger.
  • — Impulsive behavior, including substance abuse or sexual relationships.
  • — Repeated acts of injury such as cutting the wrists, taking drug overdose, or making suicide attempts.

People with personality disorders can also have complications with depression, drug abuse, and problems with their work, family, and social relationships.

 Treatment For Personality Disorders

People with personality disorders require treatment in the form of medications or talk therapy. Physicians may also adopt group therapy. Medications do not play a huge role in the treatment of personality disorders, but they could improve mood swings, depression, and any other disorder that may occur with this condition. The severity of the condition determines whether the individual is willing to accept help. This condition improves gradually with long-term talk therapy.

“The signs of sociopathy are usually there before we are abused; most of us just don’t know enough to recognize them” ― P. A. Speers

 When to Contact A Medical Professional

Contact a healthcare professional immediately if you or someone you know displays the symptoms of personality disorders. If he or she attempts suicide or has such thoughts, he or she requires intense medical attention without delay.

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