Healthcare Acts Of Legislation You Should Know As An American
Under the surveillance of Congress, the health agencies in the U.S. introduce laws that are aimed towards the well-being of the general public. The HHS or the Department of Health and Human Services looks after the health issues and general concerns of each and every citizen of the United States. It leads the initiatives that are meant for the improvement of public health as well as advanced medical research. In the year 2016, the Department of Health and Human Services called for the improvement of patient outcomes and the reduction in medical costs. The HHS has time and again set certain goals and has worked towards them with the help of new laws. Following are some healthcare acts of legislation you should know as a citizen of the United States.
Approximately 50 people in America receive insurance coverage from the Medicare program. Back in the year 1945, Harry Truman, the then president of the United States, wanted to ensure all the American citizens and urged Congress to bring it into order. John F. Kennedy, during his tenure as the president, was successful in providing insurance coverage to all the senior citizens in the country. As per the Congressional Budget Office forecast, the Medicare program is all set to survive for an indefinite period of time.
The legislation that was put into place by President Johnson in the year 1965, had a provision that stated that individuals with low income are entitled to insurance coverage. In present times, Medicaid has been able to offer insurance coverage to more than 70 million U.S. citizens. It was the year 2014 when payment of approximately half of all the medical expenditures was made to the hospitals in order to compensate them. Different types of people such as an expectant mother without insurance, unemployed workers, as well as disabled people are covered under the Medicaid program. If the recent reports are considered, new legislation has been passed that has brought down the percentage of uninsured citizens in the country to below 9%. The Medicaid program boasts of the highest coverage percentage in the history of the United States.
Healthcare Quality Improvement Act of 1986
HCQIA or the Healthcare Quality Improvement Act offers institutions and medical professionals, immunity at the time of conduct assessments. The law came into existence due to a ruling passed by the Supreme Court regarding the abuse of evaluating the quality of physicians. The law was enacted in order to take medical professionals out of trouble in situations where they are forced to face legal action related to the peer-review process. The law was also brought into action to encourage all the physicians, facing risky as well as unprofessional peer conduct.
Children’s Health Insurance Program
CHIP or Children’s Healthcare Program has been providing health coverage to kids who come from low-income families. It is the 2009 Children’s Health Insurance Authorization Act that CHIP originated from. It has delivered services to all those clients who have been disqualified on previous occasions, quite successfully. Underprivileged kids have been benefited as they have received funds from their states and the federal government as well. This service has been made accessible to a maximum number of children from low-income households in the history of the United States with the help of the ACA or Affordable Care Act.
The 2010 Affordable Care Act
ACA or the Affordable Care Act, a more or less modified version of all the coverage programs that the U.S. presidents envisaged in their times, was brought into effect by President Barack Obama in the year 2010. According to the ACA, a majority of American citizens must have health insurance coverage. In case they fail to apply or get enrolled, they will be bound to shell out a fine. Some protected groups are, however, exempted from a penalty. As per the law, for companies that have over 200 employees, providing health insurance coverage is a must. The American Health Benefits Exchange was established in accordance with the ACA so that American citizens can review an insurance plan and compare them with others.
PSQIA or Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of 2005, HIPAA or Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, and HRRP or Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program are the other important healthcare acts of legislation.
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